Concepts and Definitions
The definition used for visitor corresponds to the International Union of Office Travel Organization (IUOTO) and World Tourism Organization (WTO) recommendations which covers any person who travels to a country other than that in which she/he has his/her usual residence but outside his/her usual environment for a period not exceeding 12 months and whose main purpose of visit is other than the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the country visited. In this definition includes cruise passengers who arrive in a country on a cruise ship and return to the ship each night to sleep on board even though the ship remains in the port for several days.
Hotel is an establishment using a building or a part of building especially provided/ reserved, that any person can stay, obtain food, service and use other facilities against payment. Restaurant that managed by hotel is the special characteristic of hotel. Hotel classificatuion is determined by the Regional Tourism Agency.
Room Occupancy Rate is the number of room nights occupied, divided by the number of room nights available, multiplied by 100 %.
Average Length of Stay (ALS) is the number of bed night used (guest nights), divided by the number of guest coming to stay at the accommodation. This average length of stay is distinguished between foreign and domestic guest.
Accommodation is an establishment using a building or a part of building especially provided/reserved, that any person can stay, obtain food and service and use other facilities against payment.
Classified Hotel is an establishment using a building or a part of building especially provided/ reserved, that any person can stay, obtain food, service and use other facilities against payment, that has fulfilled the requirements as classified hotel which are determined by the Department of Culture and Tourism.
Those requirements are :
a. Physical requirements, such as location and condition of hotel.
b. Service provided.
c. Manpower qualifications, such as education and employee's welfare.
d. Sport facilities and other available recreations, such as tennis courts,
swimming pools and discotheques.
e. The number of room avaiable.
Non Classified Hotel is an establisment using a building or a part of building especially provided/reserved, that any persons can stay, obtain foods and services, and use other facilities against payment. Non Classified hotels included melati hotel, youth hostel, home stay, and other accommodation establishments.
Jasmine Hotel is a kind of accommodation which managed commercially by using a building or a part of building where any person can stay against payment.
Youth Hostel is a kind of accommodation provided for teenager who doing tourism activities for recreation, spread acknowledgement/experience of trip.
Home Stay is a kind of accommodation using a part of building/house provided/reserved, where any person can stay against payment.
Other accommodation is a kind of accommodation, other than melati hotel, youth hostel, and home stay like wisma.
SOURCE OF DATA
E/D Card from Directorate General of Immigration.
Passenger Exit Survey, Research and Development Center, Ministry of Culture and Tourism.
Hotel and Accommodation
Primary data based on survey held by Statistics Indonesia (BPS) using VHT-S quetionnaire on monthly basis and VHT-L quetionnaire on yearly basis.
Data on foreign visitors cover all foreign visitors directly arrived in Indonesia through the airports, seaports and land. There are altogether 73 ports of entry into Indonesia covering the whole area of a country, of which 47 are seaports, 19 are airports and 3 are through land. The four main ports are namely Soekarno-Hatta (Jakarta), Ngurah Rai (Bali), Polonia (Medan) and Sekupang (Batam).
Hotel and Accommodation
The data collected on the room occupancy rates covering all the existing classified hotels throughout Indonesia, based on hotel classification results, conducted by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. All non classified hotel throughout Indonesia, which are observed on selected sample.
Room Occupancy Rate is the number of room-nights occupaied, divided by the number of room nights available, multiplied by 100%.
Bed-Occupancy Rate is the number of bed-nights used divided by the number bed-night available, multiplied by 100%.
Average Lenghth of Stay (ALS) is the number of bed-night used (guest-nights), divided by the number of guests coming to stay at the accomodation. This average length of stay is distinguished between the foreign and Indonesian guests.
ALS of foreign guest is the number of bed-nights used by foreign guests, divided by the total number of foreign guest visiting the hotels.
ALS of Indonesian guest is the number of bed night used by Indonesian guest, divided by the total number of domestic guest visiting the hotels.
Foreign and Indonesian Guest Ratio is the ratio between the percentage of foreign guests from the total number of guests and the percentage of Indnesian guests from the total number of guests.
Guest per Room (GPR) is the ratio of guest-nights or bed-nights to room nights occupied. In other words the GPR shows the average number of guests occupying one room sold.
GPR = 1.43 means that the average sold room is occupied by 1.43 persons.
1 room-night = 1 room x 1 night
1 bed-night = 1 bed x 1 night
1 guest-night = 1 guest x 1 night
Source: Statistics Indonesia